Transportation Headlines on Paper.li

4/06/2012

Farmers Field & Transportation, Beverly Hills Subway, HSR Funding, Metro Purple Line, Metro Gold Line, Youth & Driving, SCAG Plan & More

April 6: This Date In Los Angeles Transportation History (New rail cars for Metro and a milestone in Wilshire Boulevard and Expo Line planning)
Metro Transportation Library Primary Resources Blog

5th National Bus Rapid Transit Conference (August 20-22 : Las Vegas)
Transportation Research Board

50 Years After Historic JFK Message To Congress, Transportation Still The Thread That Connects Our Nation
U.S. DOT Fast Lane Blog

AEG Completes Farmers Field EIR: Developer Files Document And Reveals Plan For Massive Pre-Game Tailgating Area
Los Angeles Downtown News

AEG Wants To Upgrade Convention Center, With Or Without Stadium Deal
Blog Downtown

Bev Hills-Funded Study Favors Tunneling Under BH High, City Still Up To Fight It
Curbed LA

Bikes Lanes Coming To Winnetka Avenue Between Nordhoff And Devonshire Streets
Chatsworth Patch

Cap-And-Trade Fees Become Key Source For Rail Plan ("California's revised plan to build the nation's first high-speed rail system identifies an alternative source of funding if federal and private-sector contributions fail to materialize -- fees generated from California's new cap-and-trade program for greenhouse gas emissions.")
Business Week

Company Seeking To Build LA NFL Stadium Says It Will Add Freeway Lanes, Upgrade Train Stations
Washington Post

Downtown L.A. Stadium Would Bring Light And Traffic, Study Finds
Los Angeles Times

Facebook For Cities: A Social Network for Building Better Neighborhoods
Grist

Federal Transpo Policy Entering New Era, Say NYC Officials. Now What?
StreetsBlog

First Look At Farmer's Field Traffic EIR: The Good, The Bad And The Ugly
StreetsBlog LA

Football And Freeways: AEG Releases Key NFL Stadium Report ("The downtown NFL stadium developer looks at expanding the 101 Freeway as part of an Environmental Impact Report.")
NBC Los Angeles

Football Stadium Plan Bets Many Fans Would Leave Cars At Home
Los Angeles Times

Goodbye Westside Traffic, Hello Purple Subway
USC Annenberg Neon Tommy

High Speed Rail Helps, Not Hurts, The State Budget
California High Speed Rail Blog

LA Metro Gold Line Constructor Granted Notice To Proceed
International Railway Journal

LA NFL Stadium Developer Releases Impact Plan
Associated Press

LA NFL Stadium Impact Report Says Development Will Have "Unavoidable Significant Impacts"
Huffington Post

LED Bicycle Handlebars Glow And Signal Turns
PSFK

Metro Gold Line Extension To Move Full Speed Ahead
Whittier Daily News

Mirisch, Bosse Will Call For City To Withdraw Subway Support and
Municipal League Demands "No Subway In Beverly Hills" and
Second Set Of Experts Discredit MTA Seismic Study and
Will The City Council Act To Prevent The Tunnel Under BHHS? and
School Board Will Bring Bond Dilemma To The People
Beverly Hills Courier

New Census Data Reveals Shift From Suburbs To Cities (audio : "New Census data released Thursday shows that the annual rate of growth in American cities has now surpassed that of the suburbs for the first time in 20 years.")
The Takeaway

Newly Adopted Southern California Regional Plan "An Historic Effort"
ClimatePlan

NFL Stadium: AEG Details Farmers Field Traffic Plans
Long Beach Press-Telegram

Opinion: Is There A Demand For This? ("In this city, it’s easier to find an apartment than a TAP card (our version of a Metrocard). I had to buy mine in a liquor store on Hollywood Boulevard, since it’s not sold in subway stations.")
New York Times

Oregon DOT Nixes "Highway Division" For "Multi-Modal" System
StreetsBlog Network
ODOT Transformation Continues: No More "Highway Division"
Bike Portland

Rail Carriers Fear Re-Regulation Amid Mixed Traffic Data
Forbes

Report: NFL Stadium Would Bring 20K Cars For Events ("The report says that the spike in traffic caused by events would create "significant" and "unavoidable" impacts at 20 intersections in the hour after Sunday events. On Sundays, 42 intersections would be impacted in the hour after an event. That would happen even after AEG implements traffic control measures at the intersections, according to the report. On weekdays, about 72 intersections would be affected in the hour leading up to an event. The stadium would also have unavoidable significant impacts on freeway offramps, notwithstanding AEG's traffic management plan.")
KTLA

Southern California Adopts $524 Billion Regional Plan (Updated)
California Planning & Development Report

Talking Transit Funding With Construction Honcho Denise Richardson (Managing Director of the General Contractors Association)
StreetsBlog DC

TIGER 2012 Applications Far Exceed Available Funds; Overwhelming Demand Demonstrates Investment Need
U.S. DOT Fast Lane Blog

Transportation Bill Faces More Bumps Ahead
Politico

Transportation's Messaging Problem ("Look at any survey in which Americans name the most serious challenges facing the country, and transportation infrastructure doesn't register. At all. For transportation stakeholders, that's a big problem. Now, a growing number of them are shifting their strategies to try to capture an audience that's often left out of the conversation: everyday Americans.")
Governing

U.S. PIRG Report: Young Americans Dump Cars For Bikes, Buses
StreetsBlog DC
Transportation And The New Generation: Why Young People Are Driving Less And What It Means For Transportation Policy (41p. PDF : "The trend away from driving has been led by young people. From 2001 to 2009, the average annual number of vehicle miles traveled by young people (16 to 34-year-olds) decreased from 10,300 miles to 7,900 miles per capita -- a drop of 23 percent.")
Frontier Group / U.S. PIRG Education Fund

Watch Out! Santa Monica's Expo Era Is Underway
Santa Monica Dispatch

Yucca St. To Become A Bike-Friendly Alternative To Hollywood
Curbed LA

What are transportation community leaders around the nation tweeting about today? Check out the Metro Library Twitter Daily, our online digest in newspaper format updated every day.

We invite you to visit Metro's The Source, your window to what's happening with agency news, funding and policy issues, and how to get the most out of transit and Los Angeles.

4/05/2012

SCAG Plan, Westside Subway, AEG Farmers Field EIR, CicLAvia, Metro Gold Line Foothill Extension, Expo Line & More

1950s General Motors Propaganda Film: Solution To Congestion Is More Roads (includes video footage of 1954's "Give Yourself The Green Light")
The Atlantic: Cities

AEG Unveils Traffic Plan For Downtown NFL Stadium
Los Angeles Daily News

AEG's Farmers Field Releases Environmental Report Thursday ("The 10,000 page EIR will address critical environmental issues regarding Farmers Field's affect on the surrounding downtown community. Parking, transportation and traffic are among the 23 topics analyzed in the report.")
USC Annenberg Neon Tommy

Beverly Hills City Council Hires Lawyer To Prepare For MTA Litigation ("During closed session discussion, the Beverly Hills City Council decided yesterday to hire a CEQA lawyer in preparation for litigation against the Metropolitan Transit Authority (Metro).")
Beverly Hills Courier

Beverly Hills City Council To Hire Lawyer To Possibly Challenge Westside Subway Route
LA Weekly

Beverly Hills May Pursue Legal Action On Subway ("Beverly Hills mayor William Brien says in a statement that the council intends to hire legal counsel to "protect the city's interests...and if necessary, pursue litigation.")
Westwood-Century City Patch

Bike Share Returns To Los Angeles, 100 Bike Nation Bikes At CicLAvia
StreetsBlog LA

Bridge To Connect Glendale Narrows With Los Angeles River ("City Council approves funding that will build two bridges, one which will connect a trail between the first phase of the riverwalk to the second portion. The other bridge would run over the Los Angeles River to Griffith Park.")
Glendale News-Press

Bullet Train vs. Book Learning
Los Angeles Times

Can A Sustainable Town Be Built From Scratch In The Middle Of Nowhere? ("The project is a proposed brand new town that aims to eventually house about 37,000 people, their jobs and the commercial activity to sustain their economy, all overlooking the northwest shores of the deeply troubled Salton Sea in the Colorado Desert of Southern California.")
The Atlantic: Cities

CicLAvia Rules! How Bicyclists Made L.A. A Better Place
LA Weekly

Congressmen Seek More Federal Funding For PTC Research, Emergency Response Training (Positive train control)
Progressive Railroading

Don't Believe The Flyers, April CicLAvia Doesn't Extend To Mariachi Plaza
StreetsBlog LA

Editorial: Biting The Bullet Train Cost
Long Beach Press-Telegram

Engineers: Metro Quake Fault Studies Incomplete ("Shannon & Wilson calls for more studies of the potential faults along the proposed routes of the Westside Subway Extension. It also says tunneling under Beverly Hills High School could probably be done safely.")
Beverly Hills Patch

Expo Line To Culver City Will Open To Public Late April; Two Stations Still Under Construction
Blog Downtown

Foothill Extension Authority Green Lights Work On Light-Rail Alignment
Progressive Railroading

Foothill Transit Looking To Build Four-Level Parking Garage In Diamond Bar
San Gabriel Valley Tribune

Friday Angels Express Trains Begin This Week
Riverside Press-Enterprise

Geithner Says Congress Shouldn't "Limp Forward" On Highway Funding
The Hill

Gold Line Foothill Go Go Going
Curbed LA

Gold Line To Extend From Pasadena To Azusa
Pasadena Sun

High-Speed Rail Plan Still Relies On Federal Funds
Modesto Bee

How A Student Used Open Data To Beat National Rail Enquiries At Its Own Game
Guardian (U.K.)

How BART Finally Decided To Replace Its Bacteria-Covered, Gross Old Seats (includes time-lapse installation video)
The Atlantic: Cities

How Local Transportation Decisions Can Put Public Health Front And Center
StreetsBlog DC
Legal Review Concerning The Use Of Health Impact Assessments In Non-Health Sectors (48p. PDF)
Health Impact Project / Pew Health Group / Arizona State University

In The Know: California's High Speed Rail
UCLA Daily Bruin

Infographic Shows The Shifting Racial Makeup Of L.A. 20 Years After Rodney King
Fast Company Design

It's National Walking Day, But Too Many People Will Have To Walk Unsafe Streets
Transportation For America

L.A. Metro Transit Authority's Proposal For Westwood Subway Stop Gains Traction
UCLA Daily Bruin

LA Working On Creating A Citywide Car Sharing Program
Curbed LA

New High-Speed Rail Plan Turns Urban Sections Into Commuter Rail
Voice Of OC

N.Y. MTA Says Subway Extension To N.J. Won't Happen In Our Lifetime
Asbury Park Press

Opinion: Derail This Gravy Train ("The Federal Railroad Administration is considering lending $4.9 billion to a company called Desert Xpress, for the purpose of building a high-speed rail line to Las Vegas from Victorville, Calif., some 81 miles east of downtown Los Angeles.")
Washington Post

Opinion: Los Angeles Metro's Westside Subway Extension Project Proposal Should Move Forward
UCLA Daily Bruin

Opinion: Westside Subway Extension Hurts Museum Row
Westwood-Century City Patch

Passenger Numbers Fall At Bob Hope Airport
Glendale News-Press

Planners Unveil $500-Billion Blueprint For Regional Transportation
Los Angeles Times

SoCal Group Passes Plan To Remake Transit Identity ("The government group that oversees transportation for Southern California voted Wednesday to approve a $524 billion agreement that aims to make train tracks, bike lanes and clear skies as much a part of the region's image as boulevards and freeways...The unanimous vote from the Southern California Association for the 25-year Regional Transportation Plan provided a moment of consensus and celebration for the government officials and advocates who worked on it for four years, a feeling that could fade as it now needs to be put into play by local agencies and paid for by citizens.")
San Francisco Chronicle

"This Plan Will Make Air Pollution A Relic Of Our History"
StreetsBlog LA

Wilshire Subway To Devour A+D Museum, Galleries
LA Observed

Work On Expo Line In Santa Monica To Start Again This Week
Santa Monica Lookout

What are transportation community leaders around the nation tweeting about today? Check out the Metro Library Twitter Daily, our online digest in newspaper format updated every day.

We invite you to visit Metro's The Source, your window to what's happening with agency news, funding and policy issues, and how to get the most out of transit and Los Angeles.

4/04/2012

Expo Construction, Red Line Lawsuit, Beverly Hills Subway, Metrolink Parking, SCAG Regional Transpo Plan, CAHSR & More

BHUSD Urges Residents To Lobby Metro Board Members About Subway Route ("The following is an annoucement released Tuesday from the Beverly Hills Unified School District concerning Metro's recent decision to route the Westside Subway Extension under Beverly Hills High School.")
Beverly Hills Patch

City Council To Discuss Subway Route Review Today ("The city hired geotechnical consultants Shannon & Wilson, Inc. to review Metro's studies of the route.")
Beverly Hills Patch

City Expands Newhall Metrolink Parking
Santa Clarita Valley News

Editorial: Rail Boondoggle
Riverside Press-Enterprise

Encouraging Biking, Walking In Large U.S. Metro Areas: When Home, Work, School And Shopping Are In Closer Proximity, Travel Is Easier. What Can Cities Do To Help Get People Out Of Their Cars And Onto Their Feet?
Governing

Expect Delays As Expo Crews Dig Up Sewer Line ("Excavation is slated to start mid-April between 14th and 17th courts along Colorado.")
Santa Monica Patch

Final Program Environmental Impact Report For The 2012-2035 RTP/SCS (157p. PDF : Regional Transportation Plan / Sustainable Communities Strategy)
SCAG

Get Typical Traffic For Roads, Not Just Highways
Google Lat Long Blog

Hopes Dim For Surface Bill This Year (registration required)
Journal Of Commerce

[D.C.] Metro Goes Digital To Crack Down On Sexual Harassment ("Metro is hoping to crack down on sexual harassment among its riders with a new public awareness campaign that was unveiled Monday.")
CBS DC

NY State Comptroller: MTA Electronic Security Program Delayed 2 More Years
Transportation Nation
Progress Report: The MTA Capital Security Program (4p. PDF)
NY Office Of The State Comptroller

Opinion: L.A.'s Purple Line Subway Is Bad News For The Arts ("An environmental impact statement issued by the MTA for the Purple Line subway contains an ominous report on the status of the arts in L.A.")
Los Angeles Times

Organizing Riders, Workers & Students (Webinar : April 10 : "This webinar will identify some of the rarely organized groups of transit supporters in your community and offer strategies to get them engaged and active in your campaign.")
Center For Transportation Excellence / NAPTA

Practices For Wayside Rail Transit Worker Protection (90p. PDF)
Transit Cooperative Research Program

Parsing California's Density Bombshell In 2010 Census Data
California Planning & Development Report

The Red Line Construction Litigation That Won't Die
Curbed LA

San Francisco: Winning Speed And Reliability Battles
Human Transit

Smart Phones Can Make Smart Planners ("For planners who haven’t yet spent much time in the App Store, here are a few of the most useful apps, many of which are smartphone versions of software and websites with which many planners are already familiar.")
California Planning & Development Report

SoCal Group Votes On Foot-Friendly Transit Plan
Silicon Valley Mercury News

Stunning Shift On High Speed Rail
Santa Monica Daily Press

Talking Freight: Freight And The Environment, Part 2 (web conference : April 18)
National Highway Institute

Temporary Traffic Signal Shut Down At Washington And National Boulevards Wednesday
Marina Del Rey Patch

TRB Annual Meeting Online Portal ("In addition to the current 4,500+ papers, TRB Annual Meeting Online will include both the 2012 and 2011 Annual Meeting slides and posters of the more than 7,000 program presentations, and videos of more than 80 high-profile sessions.")
Transportation Research Board

What Is So Bad About A 25 Percent Reduction In Emissions?
Transportation Issues Daily

Which Cities Have The Most Global Clout? ("The ranking is based on five key factors: business activity, human capital, information exchange, cultural experience, and political engagement. It covers the 66 largest cities around the world." Los Angeles is #6)
The Atlantic: Cities

What are transportation community leaders around the nation tweeting about today? Check out the Metro Library Twitter Daily, our online digest in newspaper format updated every day.

We invite you to visit Metro's The Source, your window to what's happening with agency news, funding and policy issues, and how to get the most out of transit and Los Angeles.

4/03/2012

CAHSR Biz Plan, Beverly Hills Subway, Gas Prices, Mapnificent, Metrolink GPS, BRT & More

April 3: This Date In Los Angeles Transportation History (L.A. adopts "Concept Los Angeles," a watershed long-range planning document committed to a detailed, comprehensive transportation system for our poly-centric region)
Metro Transportation Library Primary Resources Blog

The 5 Biggest U.S. Infrastructure Projects Plus 5 At Risk ("From Washington, D.C., to California, read about the five biggest projects in the country right now -- and the five biggest ones in jeopardy.")
Governing

Active Transportation Beyond Urban Centers: Walking And Bicycling In Small Towns And Rural America (28p. PDF)
Rails To Trails Conservancy

As Metro Wraps Up Public Outreach On Westside Subway, Beverly Hills Readies For A Fight
StreetsBlog LA

A Brief History Of The Parking Meter
The Atlantic: Cities

California Gas Prices Soar As Consumption Falls
Sacramento Bee

California High-Speed Rail Authority Releases Amibitious New Plan
Huffington Post

California High-Speed Rail Program Draft Revised 2012 Business Plan (212p. PDF : "April 2, 2012...Building California's Future")
California High Speed Rail Authority

City Officials, Residents Rally To Fight Metro's Plan To Tunnel Under BHHS ("Opponents of the Constellation Avenue station chant "Schools and subways do not mix. Metro needs a better fix!")
Beverly Hills Patch

Cleantech Corridor Deal Rising From The Redevelopment Ashes
Curbed LA

Curt Pringle's Dance With California's Lobbying Law
Voice Of OC

Everything You Ever Wanted To Know About Bus Rapid Transit
The Atlantic: Cities

Factoring In Seating At L.A./Ontario International Airport
San Gabriel Valley Tribune

Financing Still Murky For Revamped $68B Rail Plan
Sacramento Bee

High-Speed Rail Board Wants To Blend In
Santa Clarita Valley News

High Speed Rail's New Math: $30 Billion Less For A Train To L.A.
Orange County Register

How Downtown L.A. Became A Place To Live (Without Parking) (How Los Angeles' Adaptive Reuse Ordinance has made downtown more pedestrian-centric)
KCET

How Far Can You Travel By Transit From Your Neighborhood?
Curbed LA
Mapnificent Los Angeles (Go ahead, try it. Place the marker at your location, then slide the timeline to see how the areas you can reach by public transit within that given time)

LA Convention Center Changes Might Happen Even Without NFL Deal
Los Angeles Times

L.A. Leaders Back Revised Bullet-Train Business Plan
Los Angeles Times

Lawmakers Find Updating Ports A Heavy Lift
Politico

Local Officials Balk At Bill To Require Them To Spend More On Transit ("Ventura County has until 2014 to figure out how to invest millions on public transit, but if Assemblyman Das Williams has his way, that deadline will move up to July 2013.")
Public CEO

Metrolink To Install Tracking System That Can Stop Trains Remotely
Southern California Public Radio

New California Bullet Train Plan A Grand Finale To Years-Long Drama
Silicon Valley Mercury News

New Database Provides Info On BRT Systems Around The World
Transit Wire
Global BRT Database

OCTA CEO: New Paratransit Center Aids Customers, Improves Efficiency
Metro Magazine

Paying For It ("They still haven't answered the $300 billion question: How do you pay for a long-term reauthorization of the surface transportation program? Isn't it ironic that the parts of the bill that the congressional transportation czars have the least control over are also the ones causing the most problems?...Where does this leave us? We have a policy without a pay-for. Have the revenues used to finance highways always been disassociated with the policy? How can the money and the policy be more closely matched? Are "user fees" like the gas tax the only way to link money and surface transportation? Should the transportation experts be more involved in the money-raising side of the debate, or vice versa?")
National Journal Transportation Experts Blog

Rancor Rules The Day At Purple Line Open House In Beverly Hills
Curbed LA

A Single Day On The Moscow Subway, In 2 Minutes
(video)
The Atlantic Cities

SoCal Gas Prices Continue Dropping
Los Angeles Daily News

Transit Commuters Face Higher Costs While Congress Dithers Over Tax Break Extension
Forbes

Useless States Of America: Why The Ramshackle US Rail System Speaks Of The Wider Decline Of A Once-Great Nation ("The nation which, 150 years ago, brought the Iron Horse through the Rockies at lightning speed, seems unable to build a line through swathes of empty desert.")
Daily Mail (U.K.)

Using Cap-And-Trade Funds For HSR May Be Contentious
California High Speed Rail Blog

U.S. Transportation Secretary LaHood Announces $13.1 Million To Advance The Adoption Of Clean, Green Energy For Transit
Federal Transit Administration News Release

White House: Obama "Pleased" With Highway Extension, Still Hopes For Multiyear Bill
The Hill

Wonkbook: Congress Fails On Infrastructure. Again (All you need to know about the development of, and failure to pass, renewal of SAFETEA-LU, "The Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users")
Washington Post

What are transportation community leaders around the nation tweeting about today? Check out the Metro Library Twitter Daily, our online digest in newspaper format updated every day.

We invite you to visit Metro's The Source, your window to what's happening with agency news, funding and policy issues, and how to get the most out of transit and Los Angeles.

4/02/2012

NoHo Red/Orange Lines, HSR Plan & Budget, Montebello CNG, Metrolink GPS, Burbank Plan & More

April 2: This Date In Los Angeles Transportation History (Reduction in bus fare results in extraordinary success)
Metro Transportation Library Primary Resources Blog

All The Details On The Proposed Red/Orange Line Link In Noho
Curbed LA

The Boom In Biking Benefits Everyone, Not Just Bicyclists
Shareable

City Of Montebello Celebrates Opening Of Bus CNG Fuel Station
Fiedler Group

Cleantech Site Could Still Go To Trammell Crow
Los Angeles Downtown News

Congress Agrees To Kick The Can For 90 More Days
StreetsBlog DC

Digital Rail Crash-Avoidance System Runs Into Trouble
CNBC

Draft Burbank General Plan Is Both Adorable And Progressive
Curbed LA

High-Speed Rail Plan Slashes Costs To Calm Critics
San Francisco Chronicle

Is Rahm Emanuel's $7 Billion Infrastructure Plan Replicable?
StreetsBlog Network
If Washington Can't Commit, Chicago Is Ready To Go It Alone
The Transport Politic

Jerry Brown Lowers HSR Cost By $30 Billion
California High Speed Rail Blog

Lawmakers Skeptical About Jerry Brown's High-Speed Rail Revision
Sacramento Bee

Lean On Me: Little Use Found For Lean Bars At Boyle Heights Bus Stops
StreetsBlog LA

Metrolink Trains Getting GPS Safety Devices
San Francisco Chronicle

Millennials Show Apathy Toward Cars
The City Fix

More States Are Privatizing Their Infrastructure. Are They Making A Mistake?
Washington Post

New High-Speed Rail Business Plan Coming Monday
Capital Public Radio

New Plan For Bullet Train Could Cut Cost By $30 Million
Los Angeles Times

Planned Interchange Redesign To Smooth Loma Linda Traffic
Loma Linda Patch

Planned Metrolink GPS System Might Have Averted Deadly Chatsworth Crash
Ventura County Star

Proposed Federal Transit Safety Regs Under Scrutiny From House Panel
StreetsBlog DC

QR Codes To Give You Train Info On Your Smart Code
LoHud

Questions Remain Despite Revised Calif. Rail Plan
San Francisco Chronicle

Rejection Of Senate Transpo Bill Opens Rift Between GOP, Business Groups
StreetsBlog DC

Ridesharing As A Compliment To Transit: A Synthesis Of Transit Practice (72p. PDF)
Transit Cooperative Research Program

Sunset Triangle, Silver Lake's New Pedestrian Plaza, Sounds Like A Great Idea. So Why Do People Have Problems With It?
LA Weekly

Transportation Advocates See Little Hope For Pre-Election Long-Term Highway Bill
The Hill

UCLA Cuts Commuter Traffic
Los Angeles Daily News

While Toronto Feuded, Los Angeles Built Transit ("The sheer speed of L.A.’s transformation into a transit city is a textbook example of metropolitan consensus-building, and stands in sharp contrast to the situation in Toronto, where municipal politicians have spent roughly the same period mired in a feud over the relative merits of LRTs versus subways.")
Globe And Mail (Canada)

Will The 90-Day Extension Of SAFETEA-LU Result In A Multi-Year Bill?
Transportation Issues Daily

What are transportation community leaders around the nation tweeting about today? Check out the Metro Library Twitter Daily, our online digest in newspaper format updated every day.

We invite you to visit Metro's The Source, your window to what's happening with agency news, funding and policy issues, and how to get the most out of transit and Los Angeles.